Click here to see how our firm is preparing for COVID-19

Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act of 2013 - Part Three

Spread the love

In Part One of our examination of the bipartisan Senate plan for comprehensive immigration reform, we looked at the provisions regarding increased border enforcement.  In Part Two, we looked at the Registered Provisional Immigrant Status and reviewed how such RPI individuals might eventually obtain full lawful permanent resident status if the legislation becomes law.

In Part Three, we examine the provisions of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity and Immigration Modernization act of 2013 which are dedicated to streamlining the "legal" immigration process.  According to the summary, the bill eliminates the backog for family and employment-based immigrants.

Changes to Family-Based Visas

The law would eliminate the four family-based preference categories and replace it with two family preference categories.  The changes would apply to unmarried adult children and married adult children who file before age 31, as well as the unmarried adult children of lawful permanent residents.

The bill would repeal the availability of immigrant visas for siblings of U.S. citizens.  The act would expand the definition of "immediate relative" to include children and spouses of lawful permanent residents.  The bill would repeal the Diversity Visa Program.

The DHS would also be allowed to allocate unused employment visas for some family-based, backlogged petitions between 2015 and 2012, and beyond.

Changes to Employment Visas

On the employment side, the bill would exempt the following aliens from the annual numerical caps on employment-based immigrants:

  • Derivative beneficiaries of employment-based immigrants;
  • Aliens of extraordinary ability in the sciences, arts, education, business or athletics;
  • Outstanding professors and researchers;
  • Multi-national executives and managers;
  • Doctoral degree holders in any field; and,
  • Certain physicians.

​Under the current draft, 40 percent of employment-based visas would be allocated to professionals holding advanced degrees or their equivalent and whose services are sought in the sciences, arts, professions or business by an employer in the US - including certain aliens with foreign medical degrees and aliens who have earned a master's degree or higher in science, technology, engineering or mathematics from an accredited U.S. institution of higher education and have an offer of employment in a related field.  The degree has to have been earned in the 5 years immediately prior to the filing of the petition.

The bill would increase the percentage of employment visas for skilled workers and certain professionals to 40 percent.  The bill would also allow for a "startup visa" for foreign entrepreneurs who wish to emigrate to the U.S. to start their own company.

Merit Based Visas

According to the summary of the bill, a new, merit-based visa will be created 5 years after enactment.  This visa would award "points" to individuals based on their education, employment, length of residence in the US and other considerations.  "Those individuals with the most points earn the visas."  There would be 120,000 visas available per year based on merit.  The number would increase by 5% per year if demand exceeded supply and unemployment is under 8.5% (with a cap of 250,000 visas).

Some of these visas might become available October 1, 2014 for employment based visas that have been pending for 3 years, family-based petitions that were filed prior to enactment and have been pending for five years, long-term alien workers and "other merit based" immigrant workers.  Long-term alien workers are defined as those lawfully present in the US for more than 10 years (and not under the W visa).

You May Also Like

Why Do Mandamus Lawsuits Over Immigration Delays Work? Spread the love When you file an immigration petition, you expect a decision within a certain time. But sometimes, the government takes much longer than expected to make a... VIEW POST
What Can the USCIS Ombudsman Do To Speed Up Your Immigration Case? Spread the loveWaiting for your immigration case resolution can feel like a never-ending nightmare. You're not sure what's taking so long, and every day feels like an eternity. You... VIEW POST
USCIS Processing Times: A Definitive Guide Spread the loveWaiting for your green card, visa, citizenship, and other immigration processes can be stressful. With all the backlogs, government interruptions, and changing policies, you should prepare for... VIEW POST

Download Free Guide 
2022 Immigrant’s Guide to 
Becoming a U.S. Citizen

This guide contains all you need to know to become  
a U.S. citizen.

Download Free Guide 2022 Immigrant’s Guide to Becoming a U.S. Citizen

This guide contains all you need to know
to become a U.S. citizen.
DOWNLOAD FREE PDF

Immigration 
Answers Show
Live every week.

JOIN US